Bloodindex - Home
Search Bloodindex
Login Name :
Password :
 Dear Guest, Welcome to Bloodindex Sign in | Sign up

My health diary Health Diary - An Online Electronic Personal Health Record Solution

My health folder Health folder

Blood sugar diary Blood sugar diary

BP printable diary Blood pressure report charts and diary

Cholestrol diary Cholestrol Report Diary

Clinical tests diary Customizable Clinical Tests Diary

Treatment diary Treatment follow up diary

Directory service Directory Service

Knowledge zone knowledge Service

Download zone Download Center

Health calculators Health Calculators

News zone News Zone

Tell my friend Tell My Friend

Blood services Blood Services

Support services Download Center

Link map Download Center

Diabetes Zone - Comprehensive detailed information on Diabetes

My Health Folder

bloodindex AIDS zone

HIV/AIDS care community

You are here : Home/ Clinical Testing Zone/ Blood Chemistry Tests and Haematology Reference Values

Blood Chemistry Tests and Haematology Reference Values


Blood urea nitrogen (BUN)

7-18 mg/dL

Increased in renal disease and dehydration; decreased in liver damage and malnutrition

Carbon dioxide (CO2) (includes bicarbonate)

23-30 mmol/L

Useful to evaluate acid-base balance by measuring total carbon dioxide in the blood: Elevated in vomiting and pulmonary disease; decreased in diabetic acidosis, acute renal failure, and hyperventilation

Chloride (Cl)

98-106 mEq/L

Increased in dehydration, hyperventilation, and congestive heart failure; decreased in vomiting,diarrhea, and fever


0.6-1.2 mg/dL

Produced at a constant rate and excreted by the kidney; increased in kidney disease


Fasting: 70-110 mg/dL Random: 85-125 mg/dL

Increased in diabetes and severe illness; decreased in insulin overdose or hypoglycemia

Potassium (K)

3.5-5 mEq/L

Increased in renal failure, extensive cell damage, and acidosis; decreased in vomiting, diarrhea, and excess administration of diuretics or IV fluids

Sodium (Na)

101-111 mEq/L or 135-148 mEq/L (depending on test)

Increased in dehydration and diabetes insipidus; decreased in overload of IV fluids, burns,diarrhea, or vomiting

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT)

10-40 U/L

Used to diagnose and monitor treatment of liver disease and to monitor the effects of drugs on the liver; increased in myocardial infarction


3.8-5.0 g/dL

Albumin holds water in blood; decreased in liver disease and kidney disease

Albumin-globulin ratio (A/G ratio)

Greater than 1

Low A/G ratio signifies a tendency for edema because globulin is less effective than albumin at holding water in the blood

Alkaline phosphatase (ALP)

20-70 U/L (varies by method)

Enzyme of bone metabolism; increased in liver disease and metastatic bone disease


21-160 U/L

Used to diagnose and monitor treatment of acute pancreatitis and to detect inflammation of the salivary glands

Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)

0-41 U/L (varies)

Enzyme present in tissues with high metabolic activity; increased in myocardial infarction and liver disease

Bilirubin, total

0.2-1.0 mg/dL

Breakdown product of hemoglobin from red blood cells; increased when excessive red blood cells are being destroyed or in liver disease

Calcium (Ca)

8.8-10.0 mg/dL

Increased in excess parathyroid hormone production and in cancer; decreased in alkalosis, elevated phosphate in renal failure, and excess IV fluids


120-220 mg/dL desirable range

Screening test used to evaluate risk of heart disease; levels of 200 mg/dL or above indicate increased risk of heart disease and warrant further investigation

Creatine phosphokinase (CPK or CK)

Men: 38-174 U/L Women: 96-140 U/L

Elevated enzyme level indicates myocardial infarction or damage to skeletal muscle. When elevated,specific fractions (isoenzymes) are tested for

Gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT)

Men: 6-26 U/L Women: 4-18 U/L

Used to diagnose liver disease and to test for chronic alcoholism


2.3-3.5 g/dL

Proteins active in immunity; help albumin keep water in blood

Iron, serum (Fe)

Men: 75-175 g/dL Women:65-165 /dL

Decreased in iron deficiency and anemia; increased in hemolytic conditions

High-density lipoproteins (HDLs)

Men: 30-70 mg/dL Women:30-85 mg/dL

Used to evaluate the risk of heart disease

Lactic dehydrogenase(LDH or LD)

95-200 U/L (Normal ranges vary greatly)

Enzyme released in many kinds of tissue damage, including myocardial infarction, pulmonary infarction, and liver disease


4-24 U/L (varies with test)

Enzyme used to diagnose pancreatitis

Low-density lipoproteins (LDLs)

80-140 mg/dL

Used to evaluate the risk of heart disease

Magnesium (Mg)

1.3-2.1 mEq/L

Vital in neuromuscular function; decreased levels may occur in malnutrition, alcoholism, pancreatitis, diarrhea

Phosphorus ((Page*)) (inorganic)

2.7-4.5 mg/dL

Evaluated in response to calcium; main store is in bone: elevated in kidney disease; decreased in excess parathyroid hormone

Protein, total

6-8 g/dL

Increased in dehydration, multiple myeloma;decreased in kidney disease, liver disease, poor nutrition, severe burns, excessive bleeding

Serum glutamic oxalacetic transaminase (SGOT)


See Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)

Serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT)


See Alanine aminotransferase (ALT)

Thyroxin (T4)

5-12.5 g/dL (varies)

Screening test of thyroid function; increased in hyperthyroidism; decreased in myxedema and hypothyroidism

Thyroid-stimulatinghormone (TSH)

0.5-6 mlU/L

Produced by pituitary to promote thyroid gland function; elevated when thyroid gland is not functioning

Triiodothyronine (T3)

120-195 mg/dL

Elevated in specific types of hyperthyroidism


Men: 40-160 mg/dL Women: 35-135 mg/dL

An indication of ability to metabolize fats; increased triglycerides and cholesterol indicate high risk of atherosclerosis

Uric acid

Men: 3.5-7.2 mg/dL Women:2.6-6.0 mg/dL

Produced by breakdown of ingested purines in food and nucleic acids; elevated in kidney disease, gout, and leukemia

You are here : Home/ Clinical Testing Zone/ Blood Chemistry Tests and Haematology Reference Values

Find nutrition values for common foods
Bloodindex - Blood pressure diary, reports and charts
Events | About us | Link to us | Contact us | Associates | Services | Fund-rising options | Feedback | Privacy policy | Disclaimer | RSS feed
© 2007 bloodindex